Published on: June 6, 2023

World Environment Day

World Environment Day

Why in news? The World Environment Day is an annual global event observed on June 5. This year, also marks the 50th anniversary of World Environment Day.


What is the history and significance of the day?

  • The history of World Environment Day can be traced back to 1972 when the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment was held in Stockholm, Sweden
  • As a result of this conference, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) was established on June 15, 1972.
  • The UNEP proposed a special day for the environment in 1972, the UN General Assembly designated June 05 as World Environment Day (WED).
  • The first World Environment Day was observed on June 05, 1973, with the slogan “Only One

What is the theme for World Environment Day 2023?

  • The theme on June 5, 2023, will focus on solutions to plastic pollution under the campaign “Solutions to plastic pollution”.

Which country is hosting the current year world environment day?

  • World Environment Day 2023 is being hosted by Ivory Coast, in collaboration with the Netherlands, showcasing their leadership in fighting plastic pollution.
  • Ivory Coast banned plastic bags in 2014, promoting reusable packaging, and their city of Abidjan has become a hub for eco-conscious startups, demonstrating their commitment to sustainability.

How the World environment day 2023 is celebrated in India?

  • This year, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India has announced that World Environment Day 2023 will be celebrated with a focus on the Mission LiFE, which stands for Lifestyle for Environment. The aim is to encourage people to adopt sustainable lifestyle practices to protect the environment.
  • The Zoological Survey of India also started a Mass Mobilisation for Mission LiFE, focusing on “Save Water” and “Say no to Plastics” to bring awareness among the youth.
  • As a part of Mission LiFE, a comprehensive and non-exhaustive list of 75 individual LiFE actions have been identified across 7 themes – save water, save energy, reduce waste, reduce e-waste, reduce single-use plastics, adopt sustainable food systems, and adopt healthy lifestyles.

Environmental Information, Awareness, Capacity Building and Livelihood Programme (EIACP)

  • EIACP is one of the Central Sector sub-scheme being implemented in alignment with Mission LiFE. As a part of the current mass mobilization campaign, 60 EIACP Centres are actively engaged in promoting awareness about sustainable actions that individuals can undertake.

Environment Education Programme (EEP)

  • EEP is a Central Sector sub-scheme being implemented for imparting non-formal environment education through inter alia initiatives for strengthening Eco-club activities in schools and colleges. Sharing the common goal of promoting sustainable lifestyle, EEP is implemented in full alignment with Mission LiFE, through State/UT-level Implementing Agencies.