Enumerate the Gandhian principles mentioned in the directive principles of state policy of Indian Constitution. How far the political system in India realized these goals?
Introduction: Explain what Gandhian principles are. Also mention that the classification is not a part of the original Constitution.
Body: List the DPSPs along with their article numbers. For a few of them, list the measures taken by the Government.
Conclusion: Highlight how the vision of our founding father of our nation has been living through the Constitution.
The Constitution does not contain any classification of Directive Principles. However, on the basis of their content and direction, they can be classified into three broad categories, viz, socialistic, Gandhian and liberal–intellectual.
These principles are based on Gandhian ideology. They represent the programme of reconstruction enunciated by Gandhi during the national movement. In order to fulfil the dreams of Gandhi, some of his ideas were included as Directive Principles. They require the State:
To organise village panchayats and endow them with necessary powers and authority to enable them to function as units of self-government (Article 40).
To promote cottage industries on an individual or co-operation basis in rural areas (Article 43).
To promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control and professional management of co-operative societies (Article 43B).
To promote the educational and economic interests of SCs, STs, and other weaker sections of the society and to protect them from social injustice and exploitation (Article 46).
To prohibit the consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs which are injurious to health (Article 47).
To prohibit the slaughter of cows, calves and other milch and draught cattle and to improve their breeds (Article 48).
Add To what extent our political system has realized these goals. Ie laws, policy, schemes and programmes that has been enacted keeping in mind the Gandhian principles