Published on: October 10, 2023
Asiatic wild dog
Why in news? According to study conducted in Manas National Park, Prey base habitat dictate Asiatic wild dog-tiger coexistence
- Overlapping prey availability or habitat suitability could dictate a positive association between dholes and tigers, facilitating coexistence or cooperative behaviours between the two species of carnivores
- Diurnal activity of the dholes had the highest temporal overlap with leopards and the lowest with clouded leopards.
- Factors such as habitat loss, declining prey availability, persecution, disease, and interspecific competition have contributed to the ongoing fragmentation of its populations.
- According to study, conflict with humans on the periphery of protected areas as the primary threat to dholes, higher habitat utilisation where small-medium prey species such as rodents, hares, and rhesus macaques are found, and a negative relationship between dhole habitat use and other large carnivores.
- It is a wild carnivorous animal and also known as Asian wild dogs or Indian wild dog
- Native to Central, South, East and Southeast Asia.
- In India, Myanmar, Indochina, Indonesia and China, it prefers forested areas in alpine zones and is occasionally sighted in plains regions.
- It’s IUCN status is Endangered
- Protected under Schedule 2 of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
- Appendix II in Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
- The first dhole conservation breeding centre at the Indira Gandhi Zoological Park (IGZP) in Visakhapatnam.
Distribution in India
- It occurs in most of India south of the Ganges, particularly in the Central Indian Highlands and the Western and Eastern Ghats.
- Present in Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya and West Bengal and in the Indo-Gangetic Plain’s Terai region.
- Dhole populations in the Himalayas and northwest India are fragmented.
- Sympatric refers to animals, plant species, and populations within the same or overlapping geographical areas.