Published on: May 3, 2022
NEWS : Prime Minister greeted the people of India on of Basava Jayanti
- His spiritual discipline was based on the principles of Arivu (true knowledge), Achara (right conduct), and Anubhava (divine experience) and it brought social, religious and economical revolution in the 12th century.
- This path advocates a holistic approach of Lingangayoga (union with the divine). This comprehensive discipline encompasses bhakti (devotion), jnana (knowledge), and kriye (action) in a well-balanced manner.
- In Kalyana, the Kalchuri king Bijjala (1157-1167, AD) appointed Basaveshwara as a karanika (Accountant) in the initial stage, in his court and later as the Prime minister.
- Here, Basaveshwara revolted against all the social evils of the traditionalistic society and brought a drastic change in various facets.
- There must be an equal income for equal work.His practical approach and act of establishment of ‘Kalyana Rajya’ (Welfare state) brought a new status and position for all the citizens of the society, irrespective of class, caste, creed and sex.
- Basaveshwara gave two more very important socio-economic principles. They are:
- Kayaka (Divine work): According to this, every individual of the society should take up the job of his choice and perform it with all sincerity.
- Dasoha (Equal distribution):
- The worker (Kayakajeevi) may lead his day-today life by his hard earned income. But he should not preserve the money or property for tomorrow. He must utilise the surplus money for the society and poors.
- Basaveshwara established the Anubhava Mantapa, which was a common forum for all to discuss the prevailing problems of socio, economic and political strata including religious and spiritual principles along with personal problems.
- Thus, it was the first and foremost Parliament of India, where Sharanas (citizens of welfare society) sat together and discussed the socialistic principles of a Democratic set up.
- All those discussions of Sharanas were written in the form of Vachanas.
- Vachanas were an innovative literary form written in simple Kannada language.