Published on: November 29, 2022
Why in news?
Scientists discover new species of black corals near Australia.
- Using a remote-controlled submarine, researchers discovered five new species of black corals living as deep as 2,500 feet (760 metres) below the surface in the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea off the coast of Australia
- Among the many interesting specimens were five new species including one that was found growing on the shell of a nautilus more than 2,500 feet below the ocean’s surface.
What are Black corals ?
- Black corals can be found growing both in shallow waters and down to depths of over 26,000 feet (8,000 metres), and some individual corals can live for over 4,000 years.
- Many of these corals are branched and look like feathers, fans or bushes, while others are straight like a whip
- Unlike their colourful, shallowwater cousins that rely on the sun and photosynthesis for energy, black corals are filter feeders and eat tiny zooplankton that are abundant in deep waters
- Similarly to shallowwater corals that build colourful reefs full of fish, black corals act as important habitats where fish and invertebrates feed and hide from predators in what is otherwise a mostly barren sea floor.
- Single black coral colony researchers collected in the coast of California, United States, was home to 2,554 individual invertebrates
How to bring the corals to the surface ?
- Corals from the deep parts of this region were collected using dredging and trawling methodsthat would often destroy the coral
- Currently ,researchers first send a robot down to these particular deep-water ecosystems, allowing the team to actually see and safely collect d removed the
- Remove corals from the sandy floor or coral wall using the rover’s robotic claws, placed the corals in a pressurised, temperaturecontrolled storage box and then brought them up to the surface.