Published on: January 28, 2023

Cheetah project

Cheetah project

Why in news?  India and South Africa have finally signed a long-pending agreement to translocate 12 cheetahs to India


  • The introduction of Cheetah in India is being done under Project Cheetah, the world’s first inter-continental large wild carnivore translocation project.
  • The cheetahs will be transported to India and reintroduced at the Kuno National Park in Madhya Pradesh, where eight such cats were brought from Namibia in last year under a similar agreement.
  • The MOU on Reintroduction of Cheetah to India facilitates
  • Cooperation between the parties to establish a viable and secure cheetah population in India
  • Promotes conservation and ensures that expertise is shared and exchanged, and capacity built, to promote cheetah conservation,
  • The country’s last spotted cheetah died in Sal forests of Chhattisgarh’s Koriya district in 1948 and declared extinct from India in 1952

About South African cheetah

  • There habitation is grasslands, savannahs, scrub forests, and arid environments such as deserts and semi desert steppes.
  • Their IUCN status is Vulnerable

About Asiatic cheetah

  • It is a critically endangered cheetah subspecies currently only surviving in Iran.
  • India was once home to Asiatic cheetah and now considered extinct in the country
  • Habitation is mainly open lands, small plains, semi-desert areas, and other open habitats where prey is available.

About Kuno national park

  • National park and Wildlife Sanctuary in Madhya Pradesh,
  • It is part of the Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests Eco region.
  • River kuno flows through this park
  • Vegetation includes scrub, , dry savannah forest and grassland and tropical riverine forest.