Published on: August 28, 2021



What is in news : Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change notified the eco-sensitive zone of Deepar Beel Wildlife Sanctuary

Details :

  • The notification specified an area “to an extent varying from 294 metres to 16.32 km” as the eco-sensitive zone with the total area being 148.9767 sq. km.
  • Threats :
    • Railway track — set to be doubled and electrified
    • Garbage dumpand
    • Encroachment for human habitation Commercial units



  • Located to the south-west of Guwahati city, in Kamrup district of Assam, India.
  • Permanent freshwater lake, in a former channel of the Brahmaputra River, to the south of the main river.
  • Wetland under the Ramsar Convention which has listed since November 2002, for undertaking conservation measures on the basis of its biological and environmental importance.
  • Considered as one of the largest beels in the Brahmaputra valley of Lower Assam, it is categorised as a representative of the wetland type under the Burma monsoon forest biogeographic region.
  • Important bird sanctuary habituating many migrant species.
  • Freshwater fish is a vital protein and source of income for these communities; the health of these people is stated to be directly dependent on the health of this wetland ecosystem.