Published on: December 28, 2022

Delimitation exercise

Delimitation exercise

Why in news? Election Commission to begin delimitation exercise in Assam, to use Census figures of 2001


  • Election Commission to take up the matter with the State government to issue a complete ban on the creation of new administrative units
  • The delimitation exercise carried out following a request from the Ministry of Law and Justice as per Section 8A of the Representation of the People Act, 1950
  • As mandated under Article 170 of the Constitution, Census figures of 2001 shall be used for readjustment of parliamentary and Assembly constituencies in the State.
  • Reservation of seats for SC and ST will be provided as per Articles 330 and 332 of the Constitution of India
  • Entire guidelines and methodology for the delimitation process would be designed and finalised by the Election Commission
  • During the exercise, the commission will keep in mind the physical features, existing boundaries of administrative units, facility of communication, and public convenience.

What is the entire process ?

  • Once a draft proposal for the delimitation of constituencies is finalised by the commission, will be published in the Central and State gazettes for inviting suggestions or objections from the general public.
  • Notice will also be published in two vernacular newspapers of the State specifying the date and venue for public sittings to be held in the State.
  • The last delimitation of constituencies in Assam was done based on the Census figures of 1971 by the then Delimitation Commission in 1976.
  • The delimitation process in the four northeastern States of Assam, Nagaland, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh was deferred in 2008 due to security issues.