Published on: November 26, 2021




Birth centenary of Dr. Varghese Kurien (Milk Man of India) is celebrated as National Milk Day


  • Born in Kozhikode, Kerala (then Madras Presidency) on 26th November 1921
  • Graduated from the Tata Steel Technical Institute, Jamshedpur in 1946
  • Secured a Government of India scholarship to study in the USA where he acquired a master’s degree in mechanical engineering (metallurgy) from Michigan State University
  • Underwent training in dairy technology in 1952-53 from New Zealand which was then very advanced in cooperative dairying
  • His mentor – Tribhuvandas Patel
  • Established the Kaira District Cooperative Milk Producers Union Ltd. (Kaira is also spelled Kheda) which was later renamed Amul in 1973
  • Amul was a cooperative model of farming and dairying where the farmers were cooperative owners of the organisation while being led and managed by professionals , which impressed a few political leaders who supported them.
  • Pioneered the use of buffalo milk to produce skim milk powder which was considered impossible by dairy experts around the globe
  • Amazed at the venture’s success, the then Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri asked Kurien to replicate the formula all over the country. As a result, the National Dairy Development Board was set up with Kurien as its head
  • Successfully implemented the ‘Operation Flood’ which led to India becoming the leading milk producer of the world surpassing the USA in 1998
  • Founded Institute of Rural Management Anand in 1979 to train professionals to manage the cooperatives
  • ‘White Revolution’ also led to the development of another brand ‘Mother Dairy’.
  • India has instituted Gopala Awards in his Honour