Published on: January 20, 2022

EASTERN SWAMP DEER

EASTERN SWAMP DEER

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antisocially The population of the vulnerable eastern swamp deer, extinct elsewhere in South Asia, has dipped in the Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve.

EASTERN SWAMP DEER

  • Also called as barasingha
  • Distributed in the Indian subcontinent.
  • Populations in northern and central India are fragmented, and two isolated populations occur in southwestern Nepal.
  • Locally extinct in Pakistan and Bangladesh, and its presence is uncertain in Bhutan.
  • In Assamese, barasingha is called dolhorina; dol meaning swamp.
  • Conservation status
    • IUCN Red List: Endangered
    • CITES: Appendix I
    • Wildlife Protection Act of 1972: Schedule I

Kaziranga National Park

  • Where – Assam.
  • Spread across the floodplains of the Brahmaputra River
  • Home to tigers, elephants and the world’s largest population of Indian one-horned rhinoceroses.
  • Much of the focus of conservation efforts are focused on the ‘big four’ species— rhino, elephant, Royal Bengal tiger and Asiatic water buffalo.
  • The 2018 census had yielded 2,413 rhinos and approximately 1,100 elephants.
  • The tiger census of 2014 estimated 103 tigers, the third highest population of the striped cat in India
  • Home to nine of the 14 species of primates found in the Indian subcontinent.