Published on: July 25, 2023

Great Indian Bustard

Great Indian Bustard

Why in news?  Siruguppa in Ballari district could soon become a breeding center for the critically endangered Great Indian Bustards (GIBs)

Great Indian Bustards

  • Heaviest flying bird endemic to the Indian subcontinent
  • State Bird of Rajasthan
  • Distribution
    • Arid and semi-arid grasslands
    • Shared habitat with Blackbuck
    • Largest population in Rajasthan – Desert National Park
    • Other areas – Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh
  • Protection
    • IUCN status : Critically Endangered
    • Schedule 1 of Wild life Protection Act, 1972
  • Threats – Infrastructure development like Roads and electric power lines in the desert

What is decided in Karnataka:

  • Ranebennur hosted significant number of GIB , which declined eventually
  • Siruguppa is considered to be one of the most promising sites for these grassland birds and could house a ‘source population’ centre in three to four years
  • Project to be approved by Karnataka Mining Environment Restoration Corporation (KMERC)