Published on: January 14, 2023

Indian Skimmer

Indian Skimmer

Why in news? Indian Skimmers, included in the IUCN Red list of endangered species, were sighted in Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary in a day during the Asian Water bird Census-2023


  • The Godavari estuary in Andhra Pradesh has become a prime and safe habitat for the Indian Skimmer as they migrate there for feeding
  • As many as 250 Indian Skimmers were sighted in the southern part of the Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • Great Knot and Caspian Terns have been sighted in good numbers during the census.
  • They were also sighted in Mahanadi area and Chambal area

About Indian Skimmer

  • Mainly found in rivers or estuaries.
  • IUCN Status: Endangered
  • Distribution: Parts of Pakistan in the Indus river system of Kashmir and northern and central India along the Ganges, Bangladesh and Burma and formerly occurred in Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam
  • Last strongholds: India, and Bangladesh

About Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Nature: Estuary
  • River : Godavari
  • Location : Kakinada in Andhra Pradesh
  • Third largest stretch of mangrove forests in India with 24 mangrove tree species

Distribution in India:

  • Coastal estuaries of western and eastern India as far south as Karwar on the western coast
  • Chennai and Pondicherry on the eastern coast .
  • Breeding colonies are known from the Chambal river area and banks of the Mahanadi river.


  • Nestling on the deltaic branches of Gouthami and Godavari Rivers at Kakinada Bay
  • Vegetation : Dry deciduous tropical forest.


  • White-backed vulture and the Long billed vulture
  • Golden jackal, Sea turtle and Fishing cat
  • Olive ridley sea turtles nest from January to March every year.