Why in news? Indian Skimmers, included in the IUCN Red list of endangered species, were sighted in Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary in a day during the Asian Water bird Census-2023
- The Godavari estuary in Andhra Pradesh has become a prime and safe habitat for the Indian Skimmer as they migrate there for feeding
- As many as 250 Indian Skimmers were sighted in the southern part of the Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary.
- Great Knot and Caspian Terns have been sighted in good numbers during the census.
- They were also sighted in Mahanadi area and Chambal area
About Indian Skimmer
- Mainly found in rivers or estuaries.
- IUCN Status: Endangered
- Distribution: Parts of Pakistan in the Indus river system of Kashmir and northern and central India along the Ganges, Bangladesh and Burma and formerly occurred in Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam
- Last strongholds: India, and Bangladesh
About Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary
- Nature: Estuary
- River : Godavari
- Location : Kakinada in Andhra Pradesh
- Third largest stretch of mangrove forests in India with 24 mangrove tree species
Distribution in India:
- Coastal estuaries of western and eastern India as far south as Karwar on the western coast
- Chennai and Pondicherry on the eastern coast .
- Breeding colonies are known from the Chambal river area and banks of the Mahanadi river.
- Nestling on the deltaic branches of Gouthami and Godavari Rivers at Kakinada Bay
- Vegetation : Dry deciduous tropical forest.
- White-backed vulture and the Long billed vulture
- Golden jackal, Sea turtle and Fishing cat
- Olive ridley sea turtles nest from January to March every year.