Published on: January 10, 2022

JALLIKATTU

JALLIKATTU

Uetersen NEWS

Kokubunji Various district administrations in Tamilnadu have banned the conduct of Jallikattu events, ahead of Pongal festival, as part of safety measures.

ABOUT JALLIKATTU

  • 2,000 years old Tradition
  • Competitive sport and an event to honour bull owners who rear them for mating.
  • Contestants try to tame a bull for a prize; if they fail, the bull owner wins the prize.
  • Popular in Madurai, Tiruchirappalli, Theni, Pudukkottai and Dindigul districts of Tamil Nadu known as the Jallikattu belt
  • Celebrated in the second week of January, during the Tamil harvest festival, Pongal.
  • Kangayam, Pulikulam, Umbalachery, Bargur and Malai Maadu are among the popular native cattle breeds used for Jallikattu.

Importance to Tamil Culture:

  • Considered a traditional way for the peasant community to preserve their pure-breed native bulls.
  • At a time when cattle breeding is often an artificial process, conservationists and peasants argue that Jallikattu is a way to protect these male animals which are otherwise used only for meat if not for ploughing.

Politics and Jallikattu

  • In 2011, the Centre added bulls to the list of animals whose training and exhibition is prohibited.
  • In 2014, the Supreme Court banned the bull-taming sport, ruling on a petition that cited the 2011 notification.

Current Legal Position:

  • Legalised by state government.
  • Challenged in court
  • In 2018, the Supreme Court referred the Jallikattu case to a Constitution Bench, where it is pending now.
  • Article 29 (1) mandates that “any section of the citizens residing in the territory of India or any part thereof having a distinct language, script or culture of its own shall have the right to conserve the same”