Published on: October 17, 2022



Why in news?

The renewed interest in knowing more about one of the oldest and longest-ruling dynasties in the history of Southern India


  • Kalingattuparani is a 12th-century Tamil poem and a war song by Jayamkondar, celebrating the victory of Kulottunga Chola I over the Kalinga king.
  • Parani is a type of literature that is written on a king (or a general) who kills a thousand elephants in a war.
  • Kalingattuparani depicts the Chola invasion of Kalinga under the command of Karunakara Tondaiman where a thousand elephants are slain