Published on: December 19, 2022

Kambala

Kambala

worriedly Why in news? The http://karen-keogh.co.uk/portfolio/enchanted-lake/ first kambala (buffalo race in slushy paddy fields) of the season was set in motion at Kakkepadavu in Bantwal taluk of Dakshina Karnataka district

Highlights:

  • The last Kambala of the season has been scheduled at Panapila in Moodbidri on April 2023

About Kambala

  • It is an annual buffalo race held in the southwestern Indian state of Karnataka.
  • Traditionally, it is sponsored by local Tuluva landlords and households in the coastal districts
  • Places: Dakshina Kannada and Udupi of Karnataka and Kasaragod of Kerala, a region collectively known as Tulu Nadu.
  • It has become an organised rural sport, with elaborate planning and scheduling to accommodate competitions at different places.
  • Organizer: “Kambala samithis” including smaller remote villages such as Vandaru and Gulvadi
  • Kambala season : November and lasts until March.

Format

  • The Kambala racetrack is a slushy paddy field, and the buffaloes are driven by a whip-lashing farmer.
  • Traditional Kambala was non-competitive, and the pair was run one by one.
  • In modern Kambala, the contest generally takes place between two pairs of buffaloes.
  • In villages such as Vandaro and Choradi, there is also a ritualistic aspect, as farmers race their buffaloes to give thanks for protecting them from diseases.

Kori Kambla

  • It is a distinct agriculture-based celebration in Tulunadu.
  • This refers to a kind of collective ploughing and planting on a fixed day for the enelu cultivation.
  • A general race of buffaloes is known as kori

Kadri Kambala( Arasu Kambala)

  • It used to be held at Kadri, Mangalore
  • Also called Devera Kambla as it is associated with Sri Manjunatha Temple in that city.
  • This event was patronised by the Alupa kings of Mangalore, 300 years ago.

History  Kambala

  • The kambla influenced by Natha pantha,
  • Earlier days, the Kambla starts previous day evening with tradition dance of Koraga communities mostly by men.

Legal Challenges

  • Kambala had also stirred controversy in the past with the charge of ill-treatment of animals.
  • In 2014, based on lawsuits filed by animal welfare organizations, the Supreme Court of India ordered a ban on Kambala.
  • The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Karnataka Amendment) Ordinance, 2017 re-legalized the Kambala festival in Karnataka.
  • Then-President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, promulgated the new law 2017.
  • Litigation continued but was resolved by the passage of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Karnataka Amendment) Bill, 2018, which then-President Ram Nath Kovind approved on
  • The Supreme Court has also issued several guidelines to ensure that kambala buffaloes are not harmed, tortured or ill-treated during the races.