Published on: September 25, 2023

Konark Wheel

Konark Wheel

Why in news? India showcased Konark Wheel of Odisha at welcome handshake for world leaders at G-20 Summit


  • Konark Wheel was built during the 13th century under the reign of King Narasimhadeva-I.
  • The temple features 24 (12 pairs) wheels representing the wheels of Lord Surya’s sun chariot.
  • The wheel design allowed sunlight to pass through it and cast shadows that could be used to determine the exact time.
  • The wheels have 24 spokes that represent the 24 hours in a day

What is the importance of the wheel in present day scenario?

  • The wheel with 24 spokes is also adapted into India’s national flag and embodies ancient wisdom, advanced civilization, and architectural excellence.
  • The rotating motion of the wheel symbolises time, or the Kalachakra, as well as progress and continuous change in the universe.
  • As a symbol of the wheel of democracy, it reflects the resilience of democratic ideals, and commitment to progress in society.

About Konark Sun Temple

  • It is located in Puri district, Odisha
  • The temple is attributed to king Narasimhadeva I of the Eastern Ganga dynasty
  • It is dedicated to the Hindu Sun God Surya
  • Temple complex has the appearance of a 100-foot high chariot with immense wheels and horses, all carved from stone
  • The structures have intricate artwork, iconography, and themes, including erotic kama and mithuna scenes.
  • It was also called the Surya Devalaya, a classic illustration of the Odisha style of Architecture or Kalinga architecture
  • This temple was called the “Black Pagoda” and Declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984
  • Note: Jagannath Temple in Puri was called the “White Pagoda.”