Published on: March 21, 2023
Why in news? Google Doodle celebrates the 80th birthday of Dr. Mario Molina, a Mexican chemist who successfully convinced governments to come together to save the planet’s ozone layer.
- Molina was born on 19 March in 1943 in Mexico City.
- As a child, he was so passionate about science that he turned his bathroom into a makeshift laboratory
What are his contributions?
- In the early 1970s, Dr Molina began researching how synthetic chemicals impact Earth’s atmosphere.
- He was one of the first to discover that chlorofluorocarbons were breaking down the ozone and causing ultraviolet radiation to reach the Earth’s surface.
- He and his co-researchers published their findings in the Nature journal, which won them the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1995.
- The groundbreaking research became the foundation of the Montreal Protocol, an international treaty that successfully banned the production of nearly 100 ozone-depleting chemicals.
- Montreal protocol, an international alliance is considered one of the most impactful environmental treaties ever made a precedent that shows governments can work together effectively to tackle climate change.
- In 2013, President Barack Obama also awarded Dr Molina the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honour in the US.
About Montreal Protocol
- The Montreal Protocol is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of numerous substances that are responsible for ozone depletion.
- Regulates the consumption and production of nearly 100 man-made chemicals, or ‘ozone-depleting substances’ (ODS).
- It was agreed on 16 September 1987, and entered into force on 1 January 1989
- This treaty has proven to be innovative and successful, and is the first treaty to achieve universal ratification by all countries in the world.