Published on: March 10, 2022
As per National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-5 , Odisha has the highest coverage of full immunization in the country, with 90.5 percent coverage
WHAT IS IN FULL IMMUNIZATION –
- Preventive doses against 12 different kinds of diseases are included in full immunization
- tuberculosis, polio, diphtheria, jaundice, tetanus, whooping cough, brain fever, HIV, measles, pneumonia, diarrhoea, rubella, Japanese fever, and others.
- First launched on December 25, 2014 with a aim to achieve 90 percent full immunization coverage in India and also sustain it by the year 2022
- The ultimate goal is to ensure full immunization with all available vaccines for children up to two years of age and pregnant women
- To further intensify the immunization programme, Prime Minister launched the Intensified Mission (IMI) in 2017
- Government of India aims to reach each and every child up to two years of age and all those pregnant women who have been left uncovered under the routine immunization programme/UIP
- Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0 was launched in December 2019 to ensure reaching the unreached with all available vaccines and to speed coverage of children and pregnant women in the specified blocks as well as districts from 2019 December to 2020 March. It also aims that by 2030, the Sustainable Development Goal of reducing avoidable child deaths will be achieved.
- the Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 3.0 scheme was implemented to cover children and pregnant women who missed routine immunization due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 4.0 was launched recently by the Ministry of Health. It will ensure that unvaccinated and partially vaccinated children, as well as pregnant women, receive Routine Immunization (RI) services. Children up to the age of two will be covered under this drive.