Why in news?
In view of the preventable risk factors for non communicable diseases (NCDs), the State Health Department to start screening all those aged above 30 years for diabetes.
- The screening will be done at the soon to be launched Namma Clinics
- The government’s aim is to conduct check-ups for the entire population in the next 18 months
- According to data from National Family Health Survey (NFHS5), the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HTN) in Karnataka is 14.8% and 25.9%
- Under the National Programme for prevention and control of cancers, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and stroke (NPCDCS), 75% of the State’s population has been enrolled in the NCD app and 55% of the target population, have been screened for NCDs in the last three years.
- In terms of prevalence of the three most common cancers, while 48.9% and 24% of the population has been screened for oral cancer and breast cancer respectively, 0.01% has been diagnosed with both these cancers.
How namma clinics will help to keep in check?
- 438 namma clinics in urban areas established to manage and check the increase of non-communicable diseases.
- A database of people with and at risk of NCDs will be created after conducting mass screenings at Namma clinics.
What are Namma clinics ?
- The programme has been focused to address the healthcare needs of urban poor, especially people falling below the poverty line and those living in huts.
- Each ward of the city will consist of at least one Namma Clinic and will operate like PHCs of rural areas
- The clinics are being established in government and rented buildings, which have an area of 1,000-1,200 Sq.ft.
- It will also create awareness about Yoga, Pranayama, Dhyana and food habits
- Apparently taking a cue from Delhi government’s Mohalla Clinic, the health department aims to set up ‘Namma Clinic’ in each ward of Bengaluru
- Each clinic will consist of a doctor, a nurse, a lab technician and a group D employee