Published on: September 16, 2023
National Engineers’ Day
Why in news? Engineers’ Day is observed annually on September 15 in India, Sri Lanka, and Tanzania.
About Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
- He was born on 15 September 1861 in Muddenahalli
- He was an Indian civil engineer, administrator, and statesman, served as the 19th Dewan of Mysore from 1912 to 1918.
- As a dewan he was preceded by T. Ananda Rao and succeeded by M. Kantaraj Urs
- Sir MV is also often regarded as “the maker of modern Mysore”.
- Awarded Bharath Ratna in 1955 for his outstanding contributions in the field of engineering science.
- The design of automatic weir water floodgates, allowed for an increase in the storage capacity of the Khadakwasla Reservoir near Pune.
- He also projected an extensive irrigation system in the Deccan Plateau.
- Visvesvaraya is credited as the architect of the Krishna Raja Sagara Dam in Mysuru, and his gate design was successfully implemented at this dam as well.
- He designed a flood protection system for the Visakhapatnam port.
- As Diwan of Mysore, he contributed to the development of armoured, bullet-proof vehicles for World War II during his tenure as a board member of Tata Steels.
- He was the Chief Engineer of the KRS Dam at Mysore.
- Visvesvaraya was responsible for Mysore Soap Factory, Parasitoid Laboratory, Mysore Iron & Steel Works in Bhadravathi, Bangalore Polytechnic (now Sri Jayachamarajendra Polytechnic Bangalore), Bangalore Agricultural University and State Bank of Mysore,
- Century Club, Mysore Chamber of Commerce (now Federation of Karnataka Chambers of Commerce & Industry), Mysore Apex Chamber of Commerce (now Apex Chamber of Karnataka), and numerous other industrial places are his contribution
- The Bangalore Press was also established during his tenure as Dewan.
- He was also instrumental in the founding of Government Engineering College (now University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering) at Bangalore in 1917, one of the first engineering institutes in India.
- He commissioned several new railway lines in Mysore Railways (now part of Southwestern Indian Railways).