Published on: December 12, 2022
Why in news? Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) to be recognized as a National Party by Election Commission of India
What is a national party?
- The name suggests that a national party would be one that has a presence ‘nationally’, as opposed to a regional party whose presence is restricted to only a particular state or region.
- National parties are usually India’s bigger parties, such as the Congress and BJP.
- However, some smaller parties, like the communist parties, are also recognised as national parties.
How is a national party defined?
- The ECI has laid down the technical criterion for a party to be recognised as a national party.
- A party may gain or lose national party status from time to time, depending on the fulfilment of these laid-down conditions.
What are criteria for National Party status ?
- As per the ECI’s Political Parties and Election Symbols, 2019 handbook, a political party would be considered a national party if:
- It is ‘recognised’ in four or more states or
- If its candidates polled at least 6% of total valid votes in any four or more states in the last Lok Sabha or Assembly elections and has at least four MPs in the last Lok Sabha polls or
- If it has won at least 2% of the total seats in the Lok Sabha from not less than three states
To be recognised as a state party, a party needs:
- At least 6% vote-share in the last Assembly election and have at least 2 MLAs or have 6% vote-share in the last Lok Sabha elections from that state and at least one MP from that state or
- At least 3% of the total number of seats or three seats, whichever is more, in the last Assembly elections or
- At least one MP for every 25 members or any fraction allotted to the state in the Lok Sabha or
- Have at least 8% of the total valid votes in the last Assembly election or Lok Sabha election from the state.