Published on: February 3, 2023

Red sanders smuggling

Red sanders smuggling

Why in news?  The CITES trade database has recorded 28 incidents of red sanders confiscation, seizure and specimens from the wild being exported from India.


  • A report fact sheet was prepared by TRAFFIC, a global wildlife trade monitoring organisation .
  • These consignments were exported to China (the highest), and followed by Hong Kong , Singapore and the United States of America from 2016 to 2020,
  • Its heartwood is in demand in both domestic and international markets and is used to make furniture and handicrafts, while the red dye obtained from the wood is used as a colouring agent in textiles and medicines.
  • TRAFFIC also highlighted the need for forests within the species’ geographical range to be declared as “high conservation areas”.

About Red Sander

  • Red Sanders or red sandalwood, is an endemic tree species with distribution restricted to the Eastern Ghats of India.
  • The species found in Andhra Pradesh and growing up to a height of 10 to 15 metres is reported to be one of India’s most exploited tree species
  • Listed under Schedule IV of the Wildlife Protection Act and categorised as Endangered as per the IUCN Red List
  • Red sanders is a very slow-growing tree species that attains maturity in natural forests after 25-40 years.
  • Under the foreign trade policy of India, the import of Red Sanders is prohibited, while export is restricted.


  • It is an international agreement between governments, whose aim is to ensure that international trade in wild animals and plants does not threaten the survival of the species.