Published on: March 30, 2022

RHINO CENSUS IN KAZIRANGA

RHINO CENSUS IN KAZIRANGA

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The population of the greater one-horned or Indian rhinoceros in the Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve has increased by 200 in four years, the latest census has revealed

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  • The last rhino census conducted in 2018 had put the number at 2,413
  • There are 2,613 rhinos, which indicates an annual increase of 50 rhinos since 2018.
  • During this period, Kaziranga lost 400 rhinos due to natural causes while poachers killed three
  • This year’s census had a first — the use of drones for the recheck of 26 park compartments where the sample survey was done

INDIAN RHINOCEROS

  • Also called the greater one-horned rhinoceros
  • Native to the Indian subcontinent
  • Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List and Schedule I animal in the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972
  • It once ranged across the entire northern part of the Indian Subcontinent, along the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra River basins, from Pakistan to the Indian-Myanmar border
  • Poaching for rhinoceros horn became the single most important reason for the decline of the Indian rhino

KAZIRANGA NATIONAL PARK

  • Located in the state of Assam, India
  • UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Hosts two-thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses. Rhinos are listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red list of Threatened Species.
  • Home to the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world, and was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006
  • Home to large breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer
  • Recognized as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International for conservation of avifaunal species
  • Combines high species diversity and visibility
  • Is a vast expanse of tall elephant grass, marshland, and dense tropical moist broadleaf forests, criss-crossed by four major rivers, including the Brahmaputra, and the park includes numerous small bodies of water
  • Celebrated its centennial in 2005 after its establishment in 1905 as a reserve forest