Published on: February 19, 2022

SANGANAKALLU

SANGANAKALLU

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Karnataka tourism department to set up digital museum at Sanganakallu

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  • Archaeological site from the Neolithic period
  • Approximately 8 km from Bellary in eastern Karnataka
  • Group of hills south of a horseshoe shaped valley, with Kupgal to the north
  • One of the earliest settlements in South India, spread over 1,000 acres
  • There is a layer of red-brown fossilized soil spread over Sanganakallu and Kupgal that can be dated back to 9000 BC
  • Considered to be a neolithic factory site due to the surface excavation revealing large numbers of pottery, stone axes, and other stone tools
  • First majorly excavated in 1946, by Bendapudi Subbarao, on Sannarasamma hill
  • Subbarao divided their culture into 3 phases
    • Pre-Mesolithic, the phase when Sanganakallu was first settled, had little pottery, and the people made crude microliths.
    • Mesolithic, the phase when pottery was handmade and stone axes were mass produced.
    • Neolithic, the phase when pottery and tools became more sophisticated
  • Sanganakallu was excavated again in 1964