Published on: February 19, 2022
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Karnataka tourism department to set up digital museum at Sanganakallu
- Archaeological site from the Neolithic period
- Approximately 8 km from Bellary in eastern Karnataka
- Group of hills south of a horseshoe shaped valley, with Kupgal to the north
- One of the earliest settlements in South India, spread over 1,000 acres
- There is a layer of red-brown fossilized soil spread over Sanganakallu and Kupgal that can be dated back to 9000 BC
- Considered to be a neolithic factory site due to the surface excavation revealing large numbers of pottery, stone axes, and other stone tools
- First majorly excavated in 1946, by Bendapudi Subbarao, on Sannarasamma hill
- Subbarao divided their culture into 3 phases
- Pre-Mesolithic, the phase when Sanganakallu was first settled, had little pottery, and the people made crude microliths.
- Mesolithic, the phase when pottery was handmade and stone axes were mass produced.
- Neolithic, the phase when pottery and tools became more sophisticated
- Sanganakallu was excavated again in 1964