Published on: November 22, 2022

Sea Turtle Nesting

Sea Turtle Nesting

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Al Marj  Karnataka Biodiversity Board proposed the conservation of the sea turtle nesting ground in the Honnavar and Shavarathi estuary as the new port development works threaten the vulnerable area.

Highlights:

  • Entire shoreline between Karwar and Honnavar was vulnerable and needs to be protected because of rich marine life
  • Apart from the Olive Ridley turtles that come here for nesting, several schedule 1 species have been recorded by the Forest Department

Negative impact  of port development activity

  • The commercial activities, the arrival, anchorage and docking of ships in the port will definitely have a negative impact on the marine life in the area.
  • There is also the problem of oil leakage that is unavoidable.
  • Building of road to the proposed port in Honnavar is another reason for threat

the geological reason against this development of project

  • The port is coming up on a sandbar subjected to high erosion.
  • Legislature, had documented that  since 1992 , parts of Mallukuruva village and Pavinakuruva village have been washed away into the sea.
  • Historical records show that this erosion and accretion have been observed regularly.
  • Over two hundred years ago, the British also tried to build infrastructure to make Honnavar the capital of the then-Canara district stretching from Karwar to Kasargod. However, they noticed the fast erosion and declared it unviable
  • The marine life, which has adjusted with the phenomenon for centuries, will pay the price for a port which is not sustainable

Measures taken:

  • The Board recognised the importance of the two sites considering the threat faced by nesting grounds across the country.
  • The Forest Department has set up a 1,000-acre marine park at Mugali, south of the proposed port.

Karnataka Biodiversity Board

  • Parent Organization : Department of Forest, Ecology and Environment.
  • established as per the Section(22) of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002.
  • Chairman: Sri. N.M. Ravi Kalappa
  • Prime objective : To foster the institutional setup for documentation, sustainable use and development of the rich Biodiversity of the State
  • The effective implementation of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 and facilitate the formation of local level Biodiversity Management Committees and Biodiversity Heritage Sites.
  • It provides scope for preparation of People’s Biodiversity Registers (PBR) in consultation with the local people.