Published on: February 16, 2023
Why in news? India and Bangladesh agreed to support each other’s non-permanent membership at the UN Security Council.
- Bangladesh as the pivot of India’s ‘Neighbourhood First Policy’ and a key partner of its ‘Act East Policy’
- India’s 2021-22 non-permanent membership at the UNSC ended last December and another stint is expected in 2028-29.
- It is understood that internal discussion is under way in Dhaka for a possible non-permanent stint for Bangladesh at the UNSC during 2030-31.
About non-permanent UNSC membership
- Along with the five permanent members, the Security Council of the United Nations has temporary members that hold their seats on a rotating basis by geographic region.
- Non-permanent members may be involved in global security briefings.
- In its first two decades, the Security Council had six non-permanent members, in 1965, the number of non-permanent members was expanded to ten.
- These non-permanent members are elected by the United Nations General Assembly for two-year terms starting on 1 January, with five replaced each year.
- To be approved, a candidate must receive at least two-thirds of all votes cast for that seat.
- A retiring member is not eligible for immediate re-election.
- The G4 nations, comprising Brazil, Germany, India, and Japan, are four countries which support each other’s bids for permanent seats on the United Nations Security Council.