Published on: January 4, 2022




President notified the appointment of three additional judges of Bombay High Court as permanent judges and extended tenure of another additional judge of the HC by a year.


  • The President of India, in consultation with the Chief Justice of India and the Governor of the State, appoints the Judge of a High Court, according to Article 217 of the Indian Constitution. In addition, except in the instance of his or her own appointment, the Chief Justice of the High Court should be consulted.
  • When the Chief Justice of a High Court is absent or unable to discharge his duties, the President may designate one of the other Judges of the Court to fill the vacancy.
  • Retired Judges: With the President’s consent, the Chief Justice of a High Court may ask a retired High Court Judge to shit and act as a judge of the High Court for a limited time.
  • Additional Judge: When it appears to the President that the number of Judges should be increased due to a temporary rise in the business of the High Court or work arrears, the President may appoint duty qualified persons as additional Judges for a period of not more than two years (Article 224(1)).
  • Acting Judge: When a judge, other than the Chief Justice, is unable to perform his duties due to absence or otherwise, or when a permanent judge of the High Court is appointed as its acting Chief Justice, an acting judge might be appointed. Article 224 (2) states that an acting judge serves until the permanent judge resumes his duties.
  • Note: The tenure cannot go beyond the age of 62 years.