Published on: December 11, 2021
Union Government is working on a plan to use stubble as a biofuel and manure as part of an effort to deal with stubble burning
What are Biofuels:
- Hydrocarbon fuel
- Produced from an organic matter (living or once living material) in a short period of time (days, weeks, or even months)
- May be
- Solid: Wood, dried plant material, and manure
- Liquid: Bioethanol and Biodiesel
- Gaseous: Biogas
- 1st generation biofuels
- Called conventional biofuels
- Made from things like sugar, starch, or vegetable oil
- Made from a feedstock that can also be consumed as a human food
- 2nd generation biofuels
- Produced from sustainable feedstock
- No second generation biofuel is also a food crop, though certain food products can become second generation fuels
- Often called “advanced biofuels.”
- 3rd generation biofuels
- Derived from algae
- Given their own separate class because of their unique production mechanism and their potential to mitigate most of the drawbacks of 1st and 2nd generation biofuels.
- 4th generation biofuels
- In the production of these fuels, crops that are genetically engineered to take in high amounts of carbon are grown and harvested as biomass.
- The crops are then converted into fuel using second generation techniques.